Endovascular Aneurysm Repair

Endovascular Aneurysm Repair

Causes of Aortic Aneurysms

Under normal circumstances, the aortic wall is extremely stretchy. It can stretch and then shrink back as required to adjust to blood flow. The following medical conditions can lead to aortic wall weakening:

  • High blood pressure
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Aging (natural wear and tear of blood vessels)

Aneurysm Symptoms

Nearly all aortic aneurysms do not produce symptoms. Usually a doctor discovers them when conducting exams or tests done for other reasons. Individuals who have symptoms complain of pain and discomfort in the chest, belly, or back. These symptoms may come and go or stay constant.

Overtime, the aneurysm can rupture and lead to severe bleeding and pain. A person can die within minutes to hours.

Another problem arising from an aortic aneurysm is blood clots. Usually blood flow slows in the aneurysm leading to clot formation. If the blood clot in the chest area travels to the brain and blocks an artery, it can cause a stroke. Blood clots forming in the belly area can block blood flow to the legs.

Risk Factors

The top risk factors for an aortic aneurysm are:

  • 65 year old and above
  • Male
  • A smoker
  • High blood pressure
  • Family history