A number of factors can increase your risk of uterine prolapse:
- Increasing age
- Repeated heavy lifting
- Delivering a big baby
- One or several pregnancies and vaginal births
- Chronic coughing
- Pelvic surgery
- Straining excessively during bowel movements
- Genetic predisposition to weakness in the connective tissue
Certain disorders, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), chronic constipation and obesity, can exert a continuous amount of stress on the muscles and connective tissue in your pelvis and are likely involved in the development of uterine prolapse.
Potential complications of uterine prolapse include:
- Ulcers. When the uterus falls into the vagina, as what happens in a severe uterine prolapse, it pushes a portion of vaginal lining outside the vagina and which can rub on underwear. The friction created can lead to vaginal sores or ulcers which can be infected.
Prolapse of other pelvic organs. If you have uterine prolapse, chances of having prolapse of other pelvic organs are high. A prolapse of the bladder (cystocele) bulges into the front part of the vagina and urethra and can impede the flow of urine leading to difficulty in urination and increases the risk of urinary tract infections. Weakness of connective tissue overlying the rectum may lead to a prolapsed rectum (rectocele) resulting in difficulty in having bowel movements.