Diabetes is a disease in which the individual’s body is unable to convert glucose (sugar) to energy. Every cell in our body needs energy to function.
The food that we eat is digested in the stomach and intestines. Among the products of digestion is glucose. Glucose is then absorbed into the bloodstream and distributed throughout the cells in the body.
The pancreas (a gland behind the stomach) responds when there is lots of sugar in the blood by producing a hormone called insulin.